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2019-5-22 10:05:05
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Wu JY, et al. Transmission Risk of Avian Influenza Virus along Poultry Supply Chains in Guangdong, China. J Infect. 2019 May 14..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 2 days ago from J Infect. 2019 May 14. (via https://www.journalofinfection.com/article/S0163-4453(19)301)
OBJECTIVES: Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) poise significant risk to human health and the poultry industry. We evaluated the transmission risk along the poultry supply chain.METHODS: During October 2015 ...

Zhang W, et al. A hospital cluster combined with a family cluster of avian influenza H7N9 infection in Anhui Province, China. J Infect. 2019 May 14..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 2 days ago from J Infect. 2019 May 14. (via https://www.journalofinfection.com/article/S0163-4453(19)301)
OBJECTIVES: To identify human-to-human transmission of H7N9 avian influenza virus, we investigated a hospital cluster combined with family cluster in this study.METHODS: We obtained and analyzed clinical, ...

Bangaru S, et al. A Site of Vulnerability on the Influenza Virus Hemagglutinin Head Domain Trimer Interface. Cell. 2019 May 16;177(5):1136-1152.e18..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 2 days ago from Cell. 2019 May 16;177(5):1136-1152.e18. (via https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(19)30397-6)
Here, we describe the discovery of a naturally occurring human antibody (Ab), FluA-20, that recognizes a new site of vulnerability on the hemagglutinin (HA) head domain and reacts with most influenza A ...

Watanabe A, et al. Antibodies to a Conserved Influenza Head Interface Epitope Protect by an IgG Subtype-Dependent Mechanism. Cell. 2019 May 16;177(5):1124-1135.e16.  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 2 days ago from Cell. 2019 May 16;177(5):1124-1135.e16 (via https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(19)30349-6)
Vaccines to generate durable humoral immunity against antigenically evolving pathogens such as the influenza virus must elicit antibodies that recognize conserved epitopes. Analysis of single memory B ...

Wu Y, Gao GF. "Breathing" Hemagglutinin Reveals Cryptic Epitopes for Universal Influenza Vaccine Design. Cell. 2019 May 16;177(5):1086-1088..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 2 days ago from Cell. 2019 May 16;177(5):1086-1088. (via https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(19)30453-2)
A universal vaccine against influenza remains a critical target, and efforts have recently focused on the stem of the hemagglutinin glycoprotein. In this issue of Cell and a related Cell Host & Microbe ...

Lambertz RLO, et al. Tmprss2 knock-out mice are resistant to H10 influenza A virus pathogenesis. J Gen Virol. 2019 May 17..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 2 days ago from J Gen Virol. 2019 May 17. (via https://jgv.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jgv/10.)
The surface protein haemagglutinin (HA) of influenza A viruses (IAV) needs to be cleaved by a host protease to become functional. Here, we investigated if IAV of the H10 subtype also requires TMPRSS2 for ...

Warfield KL, et al. Lack of selective resistance of influenza A virus in presence of host-targeted antiviral, UV-4B. Sci Rep. 2019 May 16;9(1):7484..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 2 days ago from Sci Rep. 2019 May 16;9(1):7484. (via https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-43030-y)
Development of antiviral drug resistance is a continuous concern for viruses with high mutation rates such as influenza. The use of antiviral drugs targeting host proteins required for viral replication ...

de Greef JC, et al. Protective role for the N-terminal domain of α-dystroglycan in Influenza A virus proliferation. PNAS 2019 May 16..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 2 days ago from PNAS 2019 May 16. (via https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2019/05/14/1904493116)
α-Dystroglycan (α-DG) is a highly glycosylated basement membrane receptor that is cleaved by the proprotein convertase furin, which releases its N-terminal domain (α-DGN). Before cleavage, α-DGN interacts ...

Bui CHT, et al. Tropism of influenza B viruses in human respiratory tract explants and airway organoids. Eur Respir J. 2019 May 16..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 2 days ago from Eur Respir J. 2019 May 16. (via https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/early/2019/05/08/1399300)
Despite causing regular seasonal epidemics with substantial morbidity, mortality and socioeconomic burden, there is still a lack of research on influenza B viruses (IBVs). In this study, we provide for ...

Kudo E, et al. Low ambient humidity impairs barrier function and innate resistance against influenza infection. PNAS USA. 2019 May 13.  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 6 days ago from PNAS USA. 2019 May 13 (via https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2019/05/07/1902840116)
In the temperate regions, seasonal influenza virus outbreaks correlate closely with decreases in humidity. While low ambient humidity is known to enhance viral transmission, its impact on host response ...

Numberger D, et al. Recovery of influenza A viruses from lake water and sediments by experimental inoculation. PLoS One. 2019 May 15;14(5):e0216880.  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 6 days ago from PLoS One. 2019 May 15;14(5):e0216880 (via https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal)
Influenza A viruses (IAV) are zoonotic pathogens relevant to human, domestic animal and wildlife health. Many avian IAVs are transmitted among waterfowl via a faecal-oral-route. Therefore, environmental ...

Walters KA, et al. Differential Effects of Influenza Virus NA, HA Head, and HA Stalk Antibodies on Peripheral Blood Leukocyte Gene Expression during Human Infection. MBio. 2019 May 14;10(3)..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 6 days ago from MBio. 2019 May 14;10(3). (via https://mbio.asm.org/content/10/3/e00760-19)
In this study, we examined the relationships between anti-influenza virus serum antibody titers, clinical disease, and peripheral blood leukocyte (PBL) global gene expression during presymptomatic, acute, ...

Ssematimba A, et al. Analysis of geographic location and pathways for influenza A virus infection of commercial upland game bird and conventional poultry farms in the United States of America. BMC Vet Res. 2019 May 14;15(1):147.  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 6 days ago from BMC Vet Res. 2019 May 14;15(1):147 (via https://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12917-)
BACKGROUND: Avian influenza (AI) is an infectious viral disease that affects several species and has zoonotic potential. Due to its associated health and economic repercussions, minimizing AI outbreaks ...

Balraam KVV, Sidhu A, Srinivas V. Interesting post-mortem findings in a H1N1 influenza-positive pneumonia patient. Autops Case Rep. 2019 Apr 5;9(2):e2018079.  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 6 days ago from Autops Case Rep. 2019 Apr 5;9(2):e2018079 (via http://www.autopsyandcasereports.org/article/doi/10.4322/acr)
Reports of histopathological findings in a patient infected with H1N1 influenza virus are limited in the literature, although many deaths have occurred because of this viral infection. In an otherwise ...

Lui WY, et al. SMRT sequencing revealed the diversity and characteristics of defective interfering RNAs in influenza A (H7N9) virus infection. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2019;8(1):662-674.  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 6 days ago from Emerg Microbes Infect. 2019;8(1):662-674 (via https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/22221751.2019.1)
Influenza defective interfering (DI) particles are replication-incompetent viruses carrying large internal deletion in the genome. The loss of essential genetic information causes abortive viral replication, ...

Gahan J, et al. Whole Genome Sequencing of the First H3N8 Equine Influenza Virus Identified in Malaysia. Pathogens. 2019 May 10;8(2)..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 6 days ago from Pathogens. 2019 May 10;8(2). (via https://www.mdpi.com/2076-0817/8/2/62)
In August 2015, Malaysia experienced an outbreak of acute respiratory disease in racehorses. Clinical signs observed were consistent with equine influenza (EI) infection. The index cases were horses recently ...

Feldman RA, et al. mRNA vaccines against H10N8 and H7N9 influenza viruses of pandemic potential are immunogenic and well tolerated in healthy adults in phase 1 randomized clinical trials. Vaccine. 2019 May 9..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 7 days ago from Vaccine. 2019 May 9. (via https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264410X1)
BACKGROUND: We evaluated safety and immunogenicity of the first mRNA vaccines against potentially pandemic avian H10N8 and H7N9 influenza viruses.METHODS: Two randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, ...

Qin C, et al. Close Relationship between cIAP2 and Human ARDS Induced by Severe H7N9 Infection. Biomed Res Int. 2019 Apr 7;2019:2121357.  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 7 days ago from Biomed Res Int. 2019 Apr 7;2019:2121357 (via https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2019/2121357/)
Background: cIAP2 is involved in necroptosis as a key upstream regulation factor. We aimed to investigate the role of cIAP2 in ARDS/ALI induced by H7N9 virus through regulating the RIPK1/3 necroptosis ...

Xu G, et al. Mutations in PB2 and HA enhanced pathogenicity of H4N6 avian influenza virus in mice. J Gen Virol. 2019 May 13.  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 7 days ago from J Gen Virol. 2019 May 13 (via https://jgv.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jgv/10.)
The H4 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) continues to circulate in both wild birds and poultry, and occasionally infects mammals (e.g. pigs). H4-specific antibodies have also been detected in poultry ...

Luo W, et al. The codon usage bias of avian influenza A viruses. J Infect. 2019 May 7. pii: S0163-4453(19)30131-8..  Abstract  
submitted by kickingbird at 10 days ago from J Infect. 2019 May 7. pii: S0163-4453(19)30131-8. (via https://www.journalofinfection.com/article/S0163-4453(19)301)
A recent study in this journal revealed that avian influenza A viruses (AIVs) H5Nx (N1, N6 and N8) showed pathogenicity,1 and accordingly had different adaptation to the codon usage pattern of its hosts.2 ...

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