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2022-8-14 11:20:00


Guo J, Song W, Ni X, Zhou K, Wu J, Liu W, Xia W, H. The Impact of the Closure of the Live Poultry Market due to COVID-19 on the Avian Influenza Virus in Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Oct 29:tpmd210732
submited by kickingbird at Nov, 1, 2021 22:54 PM from Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Oct 29:tpmd210732

This article aims to understand the changes in the detection rates of H5, H7, and H9 subtypes of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in the live poultry markets (LPMs) in Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province, before and after the outbreak of the COVID-19. From 2019 to 2020, we monitored the LPM and collected specimens, using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction technology to detect the nucleic acid of type A AIV in the samples. The H5, H7, and H9 subtypes of influenza viruses were further classified for positive results. We analyzed 1,959 samples before and after the outbreak and found that the positive rates of avian influenza A virus (39.69%) and H9 subtype (30.66%) after the outbreak were significantly higher than before the outbreak (26.84% and 20.90%, respectively; P < 0.001). In various LPMs, the positive rate of H9 subtypes has increased significantly (P ≤ 0.001). Positive rates of the H9 subtype in duck, fecal, daub, and sewage samples, but not chicken samples, have increased to varying degrees. This study shows that additional measures are needed to strengthen the control of AIVs now that LPMs have reopened after the relaxing of COVID-19-related restrictions.

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