-

nihao guest [ sign in / register ]
2021-2-26 6:03:20


Chang LJ, Anderson EJ, Jeanfreau R, He Y, Hicks B,. Safety and immunogenicity of high doses of quadrivalent influenza vaccine in children 6 months through <18 years of age: A randomized controlled phase II dose-finding trial. Vaccine. 2021 Feb 18:S0264-410X(21)00162-6
submited by kickingbird at Feb, 22, 2021 15:24 PM from Vaccine. 2021 Feb 18:S0264-410X(21)00162-6

Quadrivalent high-dose inactivated influenza vaccine (Fluzone? High-Dose Quadrivalent, IIV4-HD) was licensed in the USA in 2019 for adults ≥ 65 years of age. This Phase II study examined safety and immunogenicity of 3 dose formulations of IIV4-HD in healthy children. In a randomized, modified double-blind, active-controlled trial in the USA and Canada, 661 children aged 6 months through < 18 years received 1 or 2 doses intramuscularly of standard-dose quadrivalent influenza vaccine (IIV4-SD; 15 μg HA/strain), IIV4-HD at 3 dose levels (30, 45, and 60 μg HA/strain), or adjuvanted trivalent influenza vaccine (aIIV3, 7.5 μg HA/strain). Rates of unsolicited AEs were similar irrespective of dose. No treatment-related serious adverse events or deaths were reported. Reactogenicity was slightly higher for IIV4-HD than IIV4-SD, although most solicited reactions were grade 1 or 2. Hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) and seroneutralization antibody titers were measured 28-35 days after each dose. Geometric mean HAI titers increased with increasing hemagglutinin dose, especially in children 6 months through < 3 years. For IIV4-HD 60 μg, in participants 6 months through < 18 years of age, the geometric mean titer ratio (95% confidence interval) versus IIV4-SD was 1.35 (0.94, 1.94) for A/H1N1, 2.51 (1.77, 3.55) for A/H3N2, 1.60 (1.17, 2.18) for B/Victoria, and 1.51 (1.13, 2.03) for B/Yamagata. The GMT ratio (95% confidence interval) for IIV4-HD 60 μg versus IIV4-SD was highest for participants 6 months through < 3 years of age: 4.24 (2.05, 8.76) for A/H1N1, 3.14 (1.53, 6.44) for A/H3N2, 2.04 (1.10, 3.77) for B/Victoria, and 1.92 (1.08, 3.41) for B/Yamagata; similarly, seroneutralization antibody GMT ratio was highest in these participants: 170 (84.6, 340) for A/H1N1, 7.13 (4.90, 10.4) for A/H3N2, 35.8 (22.1, 58.1) for B/Victoria, and 22.7 (14.7, 35.0) for B/Yamagata. This study showed that IIV4-HD (60 μg HA/strain) provides improved immunogenicity without affecting vaccine safety in children.

See Also:

Latest articles in those days:

[Go Top]    [Close Window]

Related Pages:
Learn about the flu news, articles, events and more
Subscribe to the weekly F.I.C newsletter!


  

Site map  |   Contact us  |  Term of use  |  FAQs |  粤ICP备10094839号-1
Copyright ©www.flu.org.cn. 2004-2021. All Rights Reserved. Powered by FIC 4.0.1
  Email:webmaster@flu.org.cn