Zhang C, Cui H, Wang Z, Dong S, Zhang C, Li J, Men. Pathogenicity and transmissibility assessment of two strains of human influenza virus isolated in China in 2018. J Int Med Res. 2021 Jan;49(1):300060520982832
Methods: In this study, we isolated two human influenza virus strains-A/Hebei/F076/2018(H1N1) and B/Hebei/16275B/2018-from patients with severe influenza in Hebei, China, during the flu season in January 2018, and explored their genetic characteristics, pathogenicity, and transmissibility.
Results: A/Hebei/F076/2018(H1N1) belongs to the human-like H1N1 influenza virus lineage, whereas B/Hebei/16275B/2018 belongs to the Victoria lineage and is closely related to the World Health Organization reference strain B/Brisbane/60/2008. Pathogenicity tests revealed that A/Hebei/F076/2018(H1N1) replicated much more strongly in mice, with mice exhibiting 40% mortality, whereas B/Hebei/16275B/2018 was not lethal. Both viruses could be transmitted through direct contact and by the aerosol route between guinea pigs, but the H1N1 strain exhibited higher airborne transmissibility.
Conclusions: These results may contribute to the monitoring of influenza mutation and the prevention of an influenza outbreak.
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