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2021-1-16 17:31:22

Soda K, Kashiwabara M, Miura K, Ung TTH, Nguyen HL. Characterization of H3 subtype avian influenza viruses isolated from poultry in Vietnam. Virus Genes. 2020 Sep 29
submited by kickingbird at Oct, 3, 2020 19:35 PM from Virus Genes. 2020 Sep 29

To date, avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have persisted in domestic poultry in wet markets in East Asian countries. We have performed ongoing virus surveillance in poultry populations in Vietnam since 2011, with the goal of controlling avian influenza. Throughout this study, 110 H3 AIVs were isolated from 2760 swab samples of poultry in markets and duck farms. H3 hemagglutinin (HA) genes of the isolates were phylogenetically classified into eight groups (I-VIII). Genetic diversity was also observed in the other seven gene segments. Groups I-IV also included AIVs from wild waterbirds. The epidemic strains in poultry switched from groups I-III and VI to groups I, IV, V, and VIII around 2013. H3 AIVs in groups I and V were maintained in poultry until at least 2016, which likely accompanied their dissemination from the northern to the southern regions of Vietnam. Groups VI-VIII AIVs were antigenically distinct from the other groups. Some H3 AIV isolates had similar N6 neuraminidase and matrix genes as H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs). These results reveal that genetically and antigenically different H3 AIVs have been co-circulating in poultry in Vietnam. Poultry is usually reared outside in this country and is at risk of infection with wild waterbird-originating AIVs. In poultry flocks, the intruded H3 AIVs must have experienced antigenic drift/shift and genetic reassortment, which could contribute to the emergence of H5 HPAIVs with novel gene constellations.

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