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2020-10-23 4:39:13

Liu WJ, Wu Y, Bi Y, et al.. Emerging HxNy Influenza A Viruses. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2020;a038406
submited by kickingbird at Sep, 17, 2020 17:1 PM from Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2020;a038406

The continuous emergence and reemergence of diverse subtypes of influenza A viruses, which are known as "HxNy" and are mediated through the reassortment of viral genomes, account for seasonal epidemics, occasional pandemics, and zoonotic outbreaks. We summarize and discuss the characteristics of historic human pandemic HxNy viruses and diverse subtypes of HxNy among wild birds, mammals, and live poultry markets. In addition, we summarize the key molecular features of emerging infectious HxNy influenza viruses from the perspectives of the receptor binding of Hx, the inhibitor-binding specificities and drug-resistance features of Ny, and the matching of the gene segments. Our work enhances our understanding of the potential threats of novel reassortant influenza viruses to public health and provides recommendations for effective prevention, control, and research of this pathogen.

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