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2020-9-20 18:16:29


Dawson AR, Wilson GM, Freiberger EC, Mondal A, Coo. Phosphorylation controls RNA binding and transcription by the influenza virus polymerase. PLoS Pathog. 2020;16(9):e1008841
submited by kickingbird at Sep, 4, 2020 9:58 AM from PLoS Pathog. 2020;16(9):e1008841

The influenza virus polymerase transcribes and replicates the viral genome. The proper timing and balance of polymerase activity is important for successful replication. Genome replication is controlled in part by phosphorylation of NP that regulates assembly of the replication machinery. However, it remains unclear whether phosphorylation directly regulated polymerase activity. Here we identified polymerase phosphosites that control its function. Mutating phosphosites in the catalytic subunit PB1 altered polymerase activity and virus replication. Biochemical analyses revealed phosphorylation events that disrupted global polymerase function by blocking the NTP entry channel or preventing RNA binding. We also identified a regulatory site that split polymerase function by specifically suppressing transcription. These experiments show that host kinases phospho-regulate viral RNA synthesis directly by modulating polymerase activity and indirectly by controlling assembly of replication machinery. Further, they suggest polymerase phosphorylation may bias replication versus transcription at discrete times or locations during the infectious cycle.

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