Leong NKC, Chu DKW, Chu JTS, et al. A Six-Plex Droplet Digital RT-PCR Assay for Seasonal Influenza Virus Typing, Subtyping, and Lineage Determination. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2020;10.1111/irv.1
Methods: The six-plex ddRT-PCR used in this study is an amplitude-based multiplex assay. The analytical performance of the assay was evaluated. Correlation with standard qRT-PCR methodology was assessed using 55 clinical samples.
Results: The assay has a wide dynamic range, and it has good reproducibility within and between runs. The limit of quantification of each target in this assay ranged from 15 copies/reaction for influenza B Victoria M gene to 45 copies/reaction for influenza B Yamagata M gene. In addition, this assay can accurately quantify each of these targets in samples containing viral RNAs from two different viruses that were mixed in a highly skewed ratio. Typing, subtyping, and lineage differentiation data of 55 tested clinical respiratory specimens were found to be identical to those deduced from standard monoplex qRT-PCR assays.
Conclusions: The six-plex ddRT-PCR test was demonstrated to be highly suitable for detecting dual influenza infection cases. This assay is expected to be a useful diagnostic tool for clinical and research use.
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