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2020-5-28 9:45:31

Guo L, Li N, Li W, Zhou J, Ning R, Hou M, Liu L. New hemagglutinin dual-receptor-binding pattern of a human-infecting influenza A (H7N9) virus isolated after fifth epidemic wave. Virus Evol. 2020 Apr 20;6(1):veaa021
submited by kickingbird at May, 1, 2020 12:58 PM from Virus Evol. 2020 Apr 20;6(1):veaa021

Since 2013, influenza H7N9 virus has caused five epidemic waves of human infection. The virus evolved from low pathogenic to highly pathogenic in wave 5, 2017, while the prevalence of host receptor-binding tropism in human-infecting viruses maintained dual-receptor-binding property with preference for avian receptor. A human-infecting H7N9 virus was isolated after the fifth epidemic wave and possessed an avian and human dual-receptor specificity, with a moderately higher affinity for human receptor binding. A V186I (H3 numbering) substitution in the receptor-binding site of the hemagglutinin (HA) molecule is responsible for the alteration of the dual-receptor-binding tropism. Viral strains which contain I186 amino acid of avian- and human-infecting H7N9 viruses were all isolated during or after wave 5, and their HA genes clustered in a same phylogenetic clade together with 2018-9 H7N9 isolates, highlights a new evolutionary path for human adaption of natural H7N9 viruses.

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