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2020-7-11 11:38:00

Londrigan SL, et al. IFITM3 and type I interferons are important for the control of influenza A virus replication in murine macrophages. Virology. 2019 Nov 5;540:17-22.
submited by kickingbird at Nov, 18, 2019 11:24 AM from Virology. 2019 Nov 5;540:17-22.

Abortive infection of macrophages serves as a "dead end" for most seasonal influenza A virus (IAV) strains, and it is likely to contribute to effective host defence. Interferon (IFN)-induced transmembrane protein 3 (IFITM3) restricts the early stages of IAV replication in epithelial cells, but IFITM3 restriction of IAV replication in macrophages has not been previously investigated. Herein, macrophages isolated from IFITM3-deficient mice were more susceptible to initial IAV infection, but late-stage viral replication was still controlled through abortive infection. Strikingly, IFNα/β receptor (IFNAR)-deficient macrophages infected with IAV were not only more susceptible to initial infection, but these cells also supported productive viral replication. Significantly, we have established that abortive IAV infection in macrophages is controlled through a type I IFN-dependent mechanism, where late-stage IAV replication can proceed in the absence of type I IFN responses. These findings provide novel mechanistic insight into macrophage-specific processes that potently shut down IAV replication.

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