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2020-5-31 18:05:21

Ashraf U, et al. Destabilization of the human RED-SMU1 splicing complex as a basis for host-directed antiinfluenza strategy. PNAS 2019 May 10
submited by kickingbird at May, 12, 2019 19:59 PM from PNAS 2019 May 10

New therapeutic strategies targeting influenza are actively sought due to limitations in current drugs available. Host-directed therapy is an emerging concept to target host functions involved in pathogen life cycles and/or pathogenesis, rather than pathogen components themselves. From this perspective, we focused on an essential host partner of influenza viruses, the RED-SMU1 splicing complex. Here, we identified two synthetic molecules targeting an α-helix/groove interface essential for RED-SMU1 complex assembly. We solved the structure of the SMU1 N-terminal domain in complex with RED or bound to one of the molecules identified to disrupt this complex. We show that these compounds inhibiting RED-SMU1 interaction also decrease endogenous RED-SMU1 levels and inhibit viral mRNA splicing and viral multiplication, while preserving cell viability. Overall, our data demonstrate the potential of RED-SMU1 destabilizing molecules as an antiviral therapy that could be active against a wide range of influenza viruses and be less prone to drug resistance.

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