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2020-5-31 18:10:48

Albaker A, Soder C, Top KA. Acute encephalopathy associated with influenza infection: Case report and review of the literature. Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;24(2):122-124
submited by kickingbird at Apr, 19, 2019 19:48 PM from Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;24(2):122-124

Influenza has been associated with neurological complications. We describe the case of a toddler who presented with symptoms and signs of acute encephalopathy and hydrocephalus. Neuroimaging demonstrated cerebral edema and multifocal diffusion restriction in the thalamus and splenium of the corpus callosum. Influenza A was detected from the nasopharyngeal aspirate. The final diagnosis was acute influenza-associated encephalopathy. Despite treatment with a neuraminidase inhibitor and intravenous immune globulin, the toddler developed neurological sequelae. This case highlights a rare but severe complication of influenza in young children and the importance of influenza vaccination.

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