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2020-5-25 9:50:59

Ren L, et al. Influenza A virus (H1N1) triggers a hypoxic response by stabilizing hypoxia-inducible factor-1α via inhibition of proteasome. Virology. 2019 Feb 11;530:51-58
submited by kickingbird at Feb, 21, 2019 9:13 AM from Virology. 2019 Feb 11;530:51-58

Virus reprogramming of host cellular function is a critical strategy for viral survival and replication. A better understanding of virus-host interaction may provide new potential avenues for the treatment of viral diseases. It has been reported that hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) pathway is activated by a range of pathogens via different mechanisms, but the impact of Influenza A virus on HIF-1 signaling is still unclear. In this study, we observed H1N1 infection stabilized HIF-1α under normoxic conditions. In detail, H1N1 did not increase HIF-1α mRNA transcription, nor impaired posttranslational prolyl hydroxylation or ubiquitination of HIF-1α, but inhibited the function of proteasome, resulting in HIF-1α accumulation. Furthermore, a decreased expression of factor inhibiting HIF-1 (FIH-1), which hydroxylates asparagine 803 within HIF-1α to repress HIF-1α activity, was seen after H1N1 infection. Taken together, these findings reveal a previously unrecognized mechanism of viral activation of the HIF-1 pathway, resembling a hypoxic response in normoxia.

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