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2019-3-23 17:43:02


Koul PA, Potdar V, Showkat M, Mir H, Chadha MS. Influenza B in a temperate region of northern India 2010~2016: co-circulation of the two lineages with northern hemispherical seasonality. Virusdisease. 2018 Dec;29(4):553-559
submited by kickingbird at Dec, 14, 2018 9:27 AM from Virusdisease. 2018 Dec;29(4):553-559

Scant data exist about the epidemiology of influenza B in India. We set out to address the epidemiology of influenza B in a temperate region of northern India from 2010 to 2016. Outpatient and inpatient surveillance was conducted in patients presenting with acute respiratory infection in a northern Indian hospital from September 2010 till April 2016. After recording clinical data, combined nasal/throat swabs were collected and tested for influenza viruses by real time RT-PCR. Influenza A viruses were further subtyped into A/H3N2 and A/H1N1 whereas influenza B were differentiated into B/Yamagata and B/Victoria. Virus isolation, haemaggglutination inhibition testing, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis was carried out on representative samples. Of the 6879 recruited cases, influenza B was detected in 299 (4.3%). The patients presented with respiratory symptoms of varying duration; cough, fever and nasal discharge being the most common. The peaking of the activity of the circulation showed a correlation with the onset of the winter with reduced temperatures and high dry humidity. B/Victoria lineage was detected in 35.4% (n?=?106/299) whereas 53.8% (n?=?161/299) were B/Yamagata. The circulation in each season was dominated by one lineage which correlated with the vaccine strain, but up to 37% consisted of a different lineage. We conclude that Influenza B exhibits a northern hemispherical seasonality in temperate northern India with co-circulation of the 2 lineages of influenza B. These findings have relevance for vaccine effectiveness and argue for vaccination with a quadrivalent influenza vaccine.

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