Canada:flu activity July 25 to August 07, 2004
submited by kickingbird at Aug, 17, 2004 15:8 PM from Health Canada
During the two-week report period, sporadic activity was reported in parts of British Columbia (weeks 31 and 32) while no activity was reported elsewhere in the country (see map). Across Canada, during the week ending August 07 (week 32), sentinel physicians reported three cases of influenza-like illness (ILI) per 1,000 patient visits, (see ILI graph) (Note: Not all provinces and territories contribute to the calculation of the weekly ILI rate during the summer season). Over the two week period, Health Canada received 679 reports of laboratory tests for influenza, including one (0.15%) influenza A detections and no influenza B detections ((see table below). The National Microbiology Laboratory has antigenically characterized 832 influenza viruses to date. Of these, 796/832 (95.7%) were influenza A viruses, including 768/796 (96.5%) A/Fujian/411/02(H3N2)-like, 25 (3.1%) A/Panama/2007/99(H3N2)-like, two A/NewCaledonia/20/99(H1N1)-like and one H1N2 and 36 (36/832) were influenza B viruses, including seven B/Hong Kong/330/2001-like and 29 B/Sichuan/379/99-like. Detections of other respiratory viruses are at or below the expected range for this time of year. To date, there have been a total of 738 outbreaks reported, including 454 influenza-confirmed outbreaks in LTCF/retirement lodges (367) and hospitals (87), and 284 ILI outbreaks in schools (189) and other settings (95).
Total number of influenza tests performed and number of positive tWests by province/territory of testing laboratory, Canada, 2003-2004
Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces.
Note: Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks; due to reporting delays, the sum of weekly report totals do not add up to cumulative totals.
Abbreviations: Newfoundland/Labrador (NF), Prince Edward Island (PE), New Brunswick (NB), Nova Scotia (NS), Quebec (QC), Ontario (ON), Manitoba (MB), Saskatchewan (SK), Alberta (AB), British Columbia (BC), Yukon (YT), Northwest Territories (NT), Nunavut (NU)
Respiratory virus laboratory detections in Canada, by geographic regions, are available weekly on the following website:
Number of influenza surveillance regions† reporting widespread or localized influenza activity, Canada, by report week, 2003-2004 (N=52)
† sub-regions within the province or territory as defined by the provincial/territorial epidemiologist. Graph may change as late returns come in.
Influenza Activity Level by Provincial and Territorial
Note: Influenza activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates (see graphs and tables) and outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions for the 2003-2004 season. For areas where no data is reported, late reports from these provinces and territories will appear on the FluWatch website. Select single maps by report week to get this updated information.
Influenza tests reported and percentage of tests positive, Canada, by report week, 2003-2004
Percent positive influenza tests, compared to other respiratory viruses by reporting week, Canada, 2003-2004
Influenza strain characterization, Canada, cumulative, 2003-2004 influenza season by the Respiratory Viruses Section at the National Microbiology Laboratory
NACI recommended components of the 2003-2004 Canadian vaccine: A/New Caledonia/20/99 (H1N1)-like virus, A/Panama/2007/99 (H3N2)-like virus and either B/Hong Kong/330/2001-like or B/Shangdong/7/97-like virus. Note: the influenza A(H1N2) virus strain is a reassortment virus derived from the influenza A (H1N1) and A(H3N2) virus strains. This H1N2 strain circulated widely during the 2001-2002 season and the current vaccine is expected to provide protection against this virus as well as providing good protection against A/Panama/2007/99(H3N2)-like viruses and some cross protection against the new A/Fujian/411/2002(H3N2)-like virus. However, the recently identified B/Sichuan/379/99-like viruses (B component of the 2001-2002 influenza vaccine) belong to a different lineage (B Yamagata lineage) than the B/Hong Kong/330/2001-like viruses included in this year´s vaccine.
Influenza-like illness (ILI) reporting rates, Canada, by report week, 2003-2004 compared to 1996/97 through 2002/2003 seasons
Note: No data available for mean rate in previous years for weeks 21 to 39 (1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons). During weeks 20-39, 2002-2003/ 2003-2004 seasons, ILI is reported once every two weeks, on even weeks only
Number of Outbreaks in Long Term Care Facilities by Report Week, Canada, 2003-2004
- WOAH: Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Infection with H5N1) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-), China Aug, 1, 2022
- China: Confirmed human case of avian influenza A(H9N2) reported in Sichuan province Jun, 29, 2022
- China: A human case of avian influenza A(H5N6) reported in Jiangxi province Jun, 27, 2022
- China: Confirmed human cases of avian influenza A(H9N2) reported in Hunan and Guizhou province Jun, 9, 2022
- China: Confirmed human case of avian influenza A(H3N8) reported in Hunan province Jun, 1, 2022