OIE: Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (Infection with H5N4) (non-poultry including wild birds), Netherlands

Report type: immediate notification
Started on: 4 Mar 2021
Confirmed on: 4 Mar 2021
Reason for notification: new strain in the country
Reported on: 19 Mar 2021
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype: H5N4
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.

New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak location 1: Harlingen, Friesland
Started on: 4 Mar 2021
Epidemiological unit: other
Affected animals:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered-killed for commercial use / Vaccinated
Eurasian Curlew (_Numenius arquata_): Scolopacidae-Charadriiformes / -
/ 1 / 1 / 0 / 0 / 0
Affected population: On 15 Feb, one Eurasian curlew (_Numenius
arquata_) was found dead in a wetland area. On 4 Mar, the
national reference laboratory confirmed highly pathogenic avian
influenza H5N4 in the sample from the Eurasian curlew (_Numenius

Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or

Control measures applied in wild: official disposal of carcasses,
by-products, and waste; control of wildlife reservoirs

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type: Wageningen Bioveterinary Research National
Reference Laboratory, Lelystad (national laboratory)
Species / Test / Test date / Result
Eurasian Curlew / reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction
(RT-PCR) / 4 Mar 2021 / positive