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2019-7-17 15:41:10


OIE: Equine influenza, Senegal
submited by kickingbird at Apr, 9, 2019 7:2 AM from OIE

Information received on 06/04/2019 from Dr Mbargou Lo, Directeur des Services vétérinaires, Direction des Services vétérinaires, Ministère de l´Elevage et des Productions animales, Dakar, Senegal

Summary

Report type

Immediate notification

Date of start of the event

26/03/2019

Date of confirmation of the event

02/04/2019

Report date

06/04/2019

Date submitted to OIE

06/04/2019

Reason for notification

First occurrence of a listed disease in the country

Causal agent

Equine influenza virus

Serotype

Pending

Nature of diagnosis

Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)

This event pertains to

the whole country

New outbreaks

Summary of outbreaks

Total outbreaks: 2

Outbreak Location

  • Dakar ( RUFISQUE )
  • Diourbel ( DIOURBEL )

Total animals affected

Species

Susceptible

Cases

Deaths

Killed and disposed of

Slaughtered

Equidae

130253

3651

2

0

0

Outbreak statistics

Species

Apparent morbidity rate

Apparent mortality rate

Apparent case fatality rate

Proportion susceptible animals lost*

Equidae

2.80%

0.00%

0.05%

0.00%


* Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;

Epidemiology

Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection

  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
  • Fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.)
  • Airborne spread

Epidemiological comments

Equine influenza occurred as a result of strong winds and dust.

Stray donkeys are the main animals affected and play a role in spreading the disease as well as the groupings at weekly markets and watering points.

Control measures

Measures applied

  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals

Measures to be applied

  • Movement control inside the country

Diagnostic test results

Laboratory name and type

Livestock and Veterinary Research National Laboratory ( National laboratory )

Tests and results

Species

Test

Test date

Result

Equidae

reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)

02/04/2019

Positive

Future Reporting

The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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