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2019-11-16 0:10:37


OIE: Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Nepal
submited by kickingbird at Mar, 19, 2019 7:17 AM from OIE

Information received on 17/03/2019 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal

Summary

Report type

Immediate notification

Date of start of the event

14/02/2019

Date of confirmation of the event

06/03/2019

Report date

17/03/2019

Date submitted to OIE

17/03/2019

Reason for notification

Recurrence of a listed disease

Date of previous occurrence

10/09/2018

Manifestation of disease

Clinical disease

Causal agent

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

Serotype

H5N1

Nature of diagnosis

Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy

This event pertains to

the whole country

New outbreaks

Summary of outbreaks

Total outbreaks: 2

Outbreak Location

  • Bagmati ( Tarkeshwor-1, Sanglafat, kathmandu )
  • Narayani ( Hetauda Submetropolitan, ward No. 7, Naksoti, Makawanpur )

Total animals affected

Species

Susceptible

Cases

Deaths

Killed and disposed of

Slaughtered

Birds

56746

12369

12369

44377

0

Outbreak statistics

Species

Apparent morbidity rate

Apparent mortality rate

Apparent case fatality rate

Proportion susceptible animals lost*

Birds

21.80%

21.80%

100.00%

100.00%


* Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;

Epidemiology

Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection

  • Unknown or inconclusive

Epidemiological comments

Sudden death of large number of birds of laying stage showing clinical sign and symptoms with swelling of head, cyanotic comb and wattle.

Control measures

Measures applied

  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals

Measures to be applied

  • No other measures

Diagnostic test results

Laboratory name and type

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