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2018-8-22 8:31:34


OIE: Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Malaysia
submited by kickingbird at Aug, 7, 2018 9:22 AM from OIE

Information received on 05/08/2018 from Dr Quaza Nizamuddin Bin Hassan Nizam, Deputy Director General (Veterinary Health), Department of veterinary services, Division of livestock resources & technology development, Putrajaya, Malaysia

Summary

Report type

Immediate notification

Date of start of the event

27/07/2018

Date of confirmation of the event

30/07/2018

Report date

05/08/2018

Date submitted to OIE

06/08/2018

Reason for notification

Recurrence of a listed disease

Date of previous occurrence

01/04/2017

Manifestation of disease

Clinical disease

Causal agent

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

Serotype

H5N1

Nature of diagnosis

Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy

This event pertains to

a defined zone within the country

New outbreaks

Summary of outbreaks

Total outbreaks: 1

Outbreak Location

  • Sabah ( Kampung Kauluan, Tamparuli, Tuaran )

Total animals affected

Species

Susceptible

Cases

Deaths

Killed and disposed of

Slaughtered

Birds

28000

3000

3000

25000

0

Outbreak statistics

Species

Apparent morbidity rate

Apparent mortality rate

Apparent case fatality rate

Proportion susceptible animals lost*

Birds

10.71%

10.71%

100.00%

100.00%


* Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;

Epidemiology

Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection

  • Unknown or inconclusive

Epidemiological comments

The report of high mortality of layer chickens was received by Sabah Department of Veterinary Services on 27 July 2018. Investigation and sampling were carried out on the same day. Movement of animals and animal products was banned on the same day. Upon confirmation of the laboratory of the samples positive for HPAI (H5N1), stamping out of the flock was carried out and the carcasses were officially disposed of. This is the first occurrence of HPAI in Sabah state. Sabah is a state of Malaysia located at East Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia are separated by the South China Sea.

Control measures

Measures applied

  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals

Measures to be applied

  • No other measures

Diagnostic test results

Laboratory name and type

Sabah Veterinary Laboratory ( Regional Reference Laboratory )

Tests and results

Species

Test

Test date

Result

Birds

polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

30/07/2018

Positive

Laboratory name and type

Veterinary Research Institute Ipoh Perak ( Regional Reference Laboratory )

Tests and results See Also:

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