In Silico Study of Membrane Lipid Composition Regulating Conformation and Hydration of Influenza Virus B M2 Channel

The proton conduction of transmembrane influenza virus B M2 (BM2) proton channel is possibly mediated by the membrane environment, but the detailed molecular mechanism is challenging to determine. In this work, how membrane lipid composition regulates the conformation and hydration of BM2 channel is elucidated in silico. The appearance of several important hydrogen bond networks has been discovered, as the addition of negatively charged lipid POPG and cholesterol reduces membrane fluidity and augments membrane rigidity. A more rigid membrane environment is beneficial to expand the channel, allow more water to enter into the channel, promote channel hydration and then even affects the proton conduction facilitated by hydrated channel. Thus, membrane environment could be identified as the important influence factor of conformation and hydration of BM2. These findings can provide a unique perspective for understanding the mechanism of membrane lipid composition regulating conformation and hydration of BM2 and have important significance to the further study of anti-influenza virus B drugs.